Annual Physical Exam for Cats
Regular wellness exams allow us to evaluate your pet’s general health and become aware of any health problems before they become serious illnesses. We recommend that you bring your cat in every year for a wellness exam and lab testing until he or she becomes a senior. Older cats can see major health changes occur in a very short amount of time, so it is important that we see your aging pet more often. We will recommend how often based on your cat’s personal needs.
What can I expect during my pet’s wellness examination?
We will go through your pet’s history with you and will ask questions concerning any unusual behavior you may have noticed, which may include:
- Eating more than usual
- Excessive drinking of water, panting, scratching, or urination
- Weight gain or weight loss
Because we live in a high-risk area, we will ask about your pet’s exposure to fleas, ticks, heartworms, and intestinal parasites. We will develop an individualized treatment/preventive plan to address these issues.
- Vital statistics—One of our assistants will take your pet’s temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and body weight. If your pet has lost weight since the physical exam, he or she may be experiencing the early stages of metabolic disease, such as kidney disease or diabetes. If your pet has gained weight since the last exam, our doctor will work with you to develop an appropriate diet and exercise plan to return your pet to a healthier weight.
- Ears—Your veterinarian may ask if your pet has been shaking his or her head or scratching at the ears, or if you have noticed an odor coming from your pet’s ears. Parasites and other foreign objects can easily make your pet’s ear canal their home. Your veterinarian will examine the ears to make sure they are healthy and critter free.
- Eyes—Eye examinations often reveal many health issues, including anemia, infections, glaucoma, cataracts, high blood pressure, jaundice, kidney problems, and allergies, in addition to eye injuries and ulcers.
- Mouth—We will inspect your pet’s gums, teeth, tongue, and roof of the mouth for tartar buildup, dental abnormalities, fractures, loose teeth, tumors, infection, and other problems.
- Heart and lungs—Your doctor will use a stethoscope to listen to your pet’s heart and lungs for early signs of heart and respiratory disease.
- Reproductive organs—If your pet has not been spayed or neutered, we will discuss with you the many health benefits of spaying/neutering. Your doctor will check your pet’s reproductive system for swellings, discharges, and breast lumps.
- Skin—We will check your pet’s skin and hair for fleas, ticks, and other parasites, tumors, and wounds, as well as for signs of allergies, infection, and warts.
- Entire body—Your cat’s doctor will feel his or her abdomen for abnormalities, including enlarged organs, masses, or painful areas, to detect problems with the stomach, intestines, kidneys, liver, and other organs. The doctor will also examine your pet’s legs and feet and the condition of your pet’s joints, muscles, lymph nodes, and nose.
We may also recommend additional testing to diagnose/verify a health problem or if any abnormalities are found during your pet’s examination.